Músico, baterista de buen humor, con mil y un gustos y cosas nuevas por aprender, Historiador orgullosamente UNAM gusto por la historia, la música, la buena comida........... en fin raro y complicado

 

En una estrella……… #dish #drums #drumer #drumslife #drumstiks #baqueta #bateria #baterista #turkish #tama #zildjiand #practice #platillos #anacrusa

Anacrusa. #dish #drums #drumer #drumslife #drumstiks #baqueta #bateria #baterista #tama #turkish #zildjiand #practice #platillos #anacrusa

Reluce la madurez….. #dish #drums #drumer #drumslife #drumstiks #baqueta #bateria #baterista #tama #turkish #zildjiand #anacrusa #sexocasual #practice #platillos

peashooter85:

Napoleon in Egypt Part II —- Pharaoh Bonaparte

If you missed Part I, click here

The young French general Napoleon Bonaparte had succeeded in conquering Egypt, a mysterious and exotic land that had been the crown jewel of ancient empires.  However Napoleon’s victory turned sour when a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson destroyed his support fleet anchored off the Nile Delta.  Without his fleet Napoleon and his army was effectively stranded in Egypt, and it did not look like France would be able to mount a rescue expedition any time soon.

While certainly a bitter situation, Napoleon decided to make the best of it.  Foreshadowing his future roles as First Consul and later Emperor, Napoleon declared himself the ruler of Egypt, basically setting himself up as a new Egyptian pharaoh.  Casting himself as the liberator of Egypt, Napoleon sought to modernize the ancient nation.  Working with local leaders, especially the Muslim leader Muhammed Ali of Egypt, he enacted many political and social reforms in Egypt.  As a result of these projects many hospitals, libraries, a chemical laboratory, botanical garden, health service, menagerie, and an observatory were built.  Napoleon also sought to standardize and update Egyptian currency, economics, and weights and measures.  Plans were also drawn up to construct a canal through the Suez region (Suez Canal) and restore many ancient Egyptian monuments such as the Sphinx, however none of these projects came to fruition.

Of all Napoleon’s achievements in Egypt, perhaps the most important were scientific in nature rather than military or political.  Among the expedition were a number of naturalists, botanists, chemists, engineers, mathematicians, and historians.  It was Bonaparte’s goal to study and increase the scientific and historical knowledge of Egypt, a country which Europeans had almost no knowledge of at the time.  Scientists collected specimens of local wildlife, measured ancient monuments, studied the climate, and did surveys of Egypt’s topography.  

Perhaps the expedition’s greatest successes were in the field of archaeology. In fact Napoleon’s expedition would provide the basis for modern Egyptology and gave rise to fascination with Egypt throughout Europe and America. Historians investigated sites all over the country, excavating over 5,000 artifacts between 1798 and 1801.  Most would be seized by the British when the country was retaken in 1801, and can now be found in the British museum.  Among the artifacts was a stone tablet called the Rosetta Stone (pictured above).  The Rosetta Stone was important because it had a decree from King Ptolemy V which was written in hieroglyphics, Greek, and Demotic.  Discovered by French engineering officer  Pierre-François Bouchard, the multi-lingual stone provided a key for linguists and historians to decipher and translate ancient Egyptian.  Today it is hailed as one of the most important discoveries in Egyptian Archaeology, providing a firm foundation for the science and leading to two centuries of discovery afterwards.

 Despite the many successes of  Napoleon’s expedition, the situation in Egypt was growing worse.  Many Egyptians were resentful of Napoleon and the French, seeing them not as liberators but as infidels and conquerors.  Rebellion was brewing among the people, and Napoleon’s position in Egypt was growing more tenuous.

To be continued…

villorceau:

Horace Vernet - The Battle of Valmy, 1792 (painted 1826). 

From this place, and from this day forth begins a new era in the history of the world, and you can all say that you were present at its birth.

bantarleton:

Oh em gee. I totally forgot Daniel Craig was in Sharpe! You can thank me later tumblr!

minutemanworld:

I want a ship model. This is a model of the ship Artois. The ship was built in 1794, and British law of the time required that each ship must have a model completed before construction began. The Artois was financed by a French Royalist who had escaped to London, and because of that financing he was given this model which was made out of prestigious woods like mahogany.

peashooter85:

The Last Charleville —- The Model 1777flintlock musket,

The Charleville pattern musket served as the primary arm of France beginning in the earl 18th century.  In 1777 the Charleville model was introduced which was an improvement on all other previous models.  One of the biggest improvements of the Model 1777 was a slanted brass flashplan, angled in such a way that gravity would force the priming powder towards the flash hole.  Brass was also thought to encourage better ignition of the priming powder, which increased the chance of a successful discharge.  In addition a cheek rest was carved on the left hand side of the stock.  Various other modifications were made to the stock, barrel, and barrel bands which made the musket stronger and lighter.

The Model 1777 first saw action during the American Revolution when 4,000 French troops landed in New England and took part in the Battle of Rhode Island in 1778.  Later the French played a pivotal role in the siege of Yorktown in 1781.  In the meantime French troops clashed with the British in the Caribbean, Europe, and in India.  It is a common myth that the French supplied the Continental Army with Model 1777’s, however the new muskets were reserved exclusively for French troops.  Instead older model Charleville muskets were sent to America.

The Model 1777 would again play a major role during the French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic Wars.  In 1800 First Consul and future Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte personally ordered a set of specific modifications to the Model 1777.  This included minor modifications to the lock, stock, and bayonet mount.  The new model was called the M1777 Corrige (corrected or improved).  The Model 1777 Corrige would serve as the mainstay of Napoleon’s armies as he conquered Europe, then was eventually defeated.  Because of the demand for arms during the Napoleonic Wars, the vast majority of the 7 million M1777’s were the Corrige model.  Further improvements would be made in 1816 and 1822.

The Model 1777 Charleville  would served the French Army up to the 1830’s.  From that point arms production was moved the the St. Etienne Armory, and Charlevilles were eventually replaced with percussion muskets, and later rifled muskets.

bantarleton:

Re-enacting Waterloo - the 200th anniversary in two years time will be spectacular.